When you ask for a reference, both whom and how you ask for this employment reference is really important. You need to be sure that the person who is recommending you for employment is willing and able to give you a good reference. This is critical because your references can be what makes the difference in getting – or not getting – a job offer.
In addition, you shouldn’t give out anyone’s name as a reference without their permission.
The individual who is giving you a reference needs to know ahead of time that they may be contacted regarding a reference for you.
When References Are Required
It used to be that every candidate who applied for a job was expected to provide a list of references either attached to a formal cover letter and resume in an initial job application package, or at a personal interview. A few conservative industries – such as education, law, and academia – still expect you to submit your references with your job application.